The Kremlin is a fortress built by Italian architects in the years 1485-1495 on the orders of Ivan III - grandfather of Ivan the Terrible. The Moscow Kremlin is the oldest part of Moscow's main socio-political, spiritual, religious, historical and artistic complex of the capital, the official residence of the President of the Russian Federation. It is ocated on the high left bank of the Moskva River - Borovitskiy hill. In terms of the Kremlin - irregular triangle area of 27.5 hectares. The southern wall facing the Moscow River, north-west - to the Alexander Garden, east - to the Red Square
The Kremlin is the largest fortress in Europe, preserved and operated to this day.